Mountain Lion cub. © Beck Photography/Aurora Open/Corbis

Topics of Interest:

  1. Project Goals
  2. Classification in Texas
  3. Importance of Mountain Lion
  4. What is it for me?
  5. Texas - Historical Overview
  6. Texas - Current Status
  7. Our Solution
  8. Common Misconceptions
  9. Distribution
  10. Description
  11. Behavior
  12. Mountain Lions and People
  13. Volunteer Opportunities
  14. References



- References

Attwater, H.P. 1917. The disappearance of wildlife. Bulletin of Scientific Society. San Antonio. 1(3):47-60.

Anderson, A.E. 1983. A critical review of literature on puma (Felis concolor). Colorado Division of Wildlife, Wildlife research section, special report number 54. 89pp.

Anderson, C.R. Jr. and F.G. Lindzey. 2005. Experimental evaluation of population trend and harvest composition in a Wyoming cougar population. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33:179-188.

Bailey, V. 1905. Biological survey of Texas. North American Fauna. 25:1-222.

Barnhurst, D. 1986. Vulnerability of cougars to hunting.  Thesis, Utah State

Beier P. 1991.  Cougar attacks on humans in the united States and Canada. Wildlife Society Bulletin 19:403-412.

Big Bend National Park, National Park Service,

Choate, D.M, Wolfe M.L. and Stoner, D.C. 2006. Evaluation of Cougar Population Estimators in Utah. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:782 - 799

Cope, E. D. 1880. On the zoological position of Texas. Bulletin. U.S. Nat. Museum. 17:9

Cougar Management Guidelines Working Group. 2005. Cougar Management Guidelines. First edition. WildFutures, Bainbridge, WA.

Culver, M. 1999. Molecular genetic variation, population structure, and natural history of free-ranging pumas (Puma concolor). Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.

Culver, M., W.E. Johnson, J. Pecon-Slattery, and S.J. O’Brien. 2000. Genomic ancestry of the American puma (Puma concolor). Journal of Heredity 91:186-197.
Eaton, R.L., and K.A. Velander. 1977. Reproduction in the puma: biology, behavior, and ontogeny, Pages 45-70 In R.L. Eaton (editor), The World’s Cats, Volume 3: Contributions to Breeding Biology, Behavior, and Husbandry. Carnivore Research Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Fitzhugh, E.L. M.W., Kenyon, and K. Etling. 2003. Lessening the impact of a cougar attack on a human in Proceedings of the Seventh Cougar Workshop, Jackson, Wyoming, USA.

Grinnell, J., J.S. Dixon, and J.M. Lindsdale. 1937. Fur-bearing mammals of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, 2 vols. 777pp.

Guzman, G.J. 1998. Characteristics of mountain lions home ranges on Big Bend Ranch State Park, Texas. M.S. Thesis. Sul Ross State University, Alpine, Texas

Harveson, L.A., M.E. Tewes, N.J. Silvy, and J. Rutledge. 1996. Mountain lion research in Texas: Past, present, and future. Pages 45–54 in W. E. Padley (ed.). Proceedings of the Fifth Mountain Lion Workshop.

Harveson, L.A., M.E. Tewes, N.J. Silvy, J.D. Hillje, and J. Rutledge. 2000. Prey use by mountain lions in southern Texas. Southwestern Naturalist 45:472–476.

Harveson, L.A. 1997. Ecology of a Mountain Lion Population in Southern Texas. Ph.D. Dissertation. Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, and Texas A&M University-Kingsville, Kingsville, Texas, USA

Hornocker, M.G. 1970. An analysis of mountain lion predation upon mule deer and elk in the Idaho Primitive Area. Wildlife Monographs, 21:1-39.

Janecka, J.E., M.E. Tewes, L.I. Grassman, J. Young, and R.L. Honeycutt. In Preparation. Population genetics of mountain lion in Texas and implications for management.

Jones, P. V. and Jackson A.S. 1941. Game in early days. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior: 1-30; 5-6

Leopold, B.D., and P.R. Krausman. 1986. Diets of three predators in Big Bend National Park, Texas. Journal of Wildlife Management. 50:290–295.

Logan, K. and L. Sweanor. 2001. Desert Puma: Evolutionary Ecology and Conservation of an Enduring Carnivore. Island Press, Washington D.C., USA.

Mountain Lion Management Plan, 2006, Wyoming Game & Fish Department.

Smith, T.E., R.R. Duke, M.J. Kutilek, and H.T. Harvey. 1986. Mountain lions (Felis concolor) in the vicinity of Carlsbad Caverns National Park, N.M. and Guadalupe Mountains National Park, TX. Harvey and Stanley Assoc., Inc., Alviso, CA. USA

Stoner, D.C. 2004. Cougar exploitation levels in Utah: Implications for demographic structure, metapopulation dynamics, and population recovery. M.S. Thesis. Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA

Robinette, W.L, J.S. Gashwiler, and O.W. Morris. 1961. Notes on cougar productivity and life history. Journal of Mammalogy. 42:204-217.

Seidensticker J.C., M.G. Hornocker, W.V. Wiles, and J.P. Messick.1973. Mountain lion social organization in the Idaho primitive Area.  Wildlife Monograph, 35:1-60. 

Stoner, D.C. 2004. Cougar exploitation levels in Utah: implications for demographic structure, metapopulation dynamics, and population recovery.  Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, Utah.

Texas Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy, 2005–2010, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas, USA

Toweill, D. E. 1986. Notes on the development of a cougar kitten. The Murrelet 67:20-23.

Young, S. P., and E. A. Goldman. 1946. The Puma, Mysterious American Cat. Washington, D.C., American Wildlife Institute


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